Shoe last, a traditional Chinese shoe-making appliance. Also known as last. It is prevalent in most parts of the country. Cut the wood into foot shape and fill it in the shoes to fit in.
Last is the mother of shoes. It is the moulding die for shoes. Shoe last not only determines the shape and style of shoes, but also determines whether the shoes fit and protect the feet. Therefore, shoe last design must be based on foot shape, but it can not be the same as foot shape, because foot shape, size, stress and other changes in static and moving state, coupled with the variety of shoes, styles, processing technology, the performance of raw and auxiliary materials, wearing environment and conditions are different, the shape of shoe last and the size of each part can not be exactly the same as foot shape. Therefore, modern shoe last design not only involves many disciplines, but also requires high manual skills and experience. But shoe last appeared in ancient times. In the frescoes of Heckranim in the 1st century B.C., shoemakers pulled shoe last from inside to outside. In 1961, two wood last objects were unearthed from the ruins of Niya on the ancient Silk Road in Xinjiang. One man's last is 24 centimeters long, 8.5 centimeters wide and 8 centimeters thick. The other woman's last is 21.5 centimeters long, 7 centimeters wide and 6 centimeters thick. The earliest last workshop in China was Wang Ji Shoe Last Workshop opened by Wang Arong in 1851. In 1855, Britain began to make shoe last. It was not until the early 20th century that the shoe last industry began. There are three kinds of shoe last: wood, plastic and metal.